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Turkish ( Türkçe ) Official status Language codes
Turkish is a Turkic language with about 77 million speakers in Turkey and in 35 other countries, including Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Denmark, El Salvador, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Honduras, Iran, Iraq and Israel.
The Turkish spoken in the Ottoman Empire (called Ottoman Turkish) used a modified version of the Arabic alphabet . In 1928 however, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk , as a part of his efforts to modernize Turkey, illegalized the Arabic alphabet, replacing it with a modified version of the Latin alphabet.
Classification Turkish is a member of the Turkish family of languages, which includes Balkan Gagauz Turkish , Gagauz , and Khorosani Turkish in addition to Turkish. The Turkish family is a subgroup of the Southern Turkic languages , which is a member of the Altaic language family .
Sounds One of the characteristic features of Turkish is the vowel harmony (if the first vowel of a Turkish word is a front vowel, the second and other vowels of the same word are usually the same vowel or another front vowel; e.g. Erdem). G g ( G – breve ) are letters used in Turkish , Azeri , Tatar languages .
g (yumusak ge, “soft G”) has no independent pronunciation in Turkish, but rather indicates a lengthening of the preceding vowel. Example: Elmadag. The effect can be compared to the vowel-lengthening effect of the ‘g’ in ‘Natalie Imbruglia’
Grammar Turkish, like Finnish and Hungarian , is an agglutinative language . It is known for having an abundance of suffixes and very few prefixes. Word order in Turkish is Subject Object Verb similar to Japanese and Latin , but unlike English .
Until 1928, Turkish was written with a version of the Perso-Arabic script known as the Ottoman Turkish script. In 1928, as part of his efforts to modernize Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk issued a decree replacing the Arabic script with a version of the Latin alphabet, which has been used ever since. Writing system Until 1928 , Turkish was written using a modified version of the Arabic alphabet . Since 1928, writing system is based on Latin alphabet.
Total speakers: Over 80 Million
Genetic classification : Altaic
Official language of: Turkey, Republic of Cyprus, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Regulated by: Türk Dil Kurumu (Turkish Language Institution)
ISO 639 -1 : tr
ISO 639-2 : tur , ota
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