Understanding LAB Results for cancer treatment


MCHC (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration) Range: 31.5 || 36.0
MCV Range : 80.0 || 100.0
Mean cell volume (MCV) – guideline normal values: 77-95 fL. MCV (Mean Corpuscular Volume)
MCH (Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin) Range: 26.3 || 34.0

Red blood cell indices. There are three red blood cell indices: mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC). They are measured by a machine and their values come from other measurements in a CBC. The MCV shows the size of the red blood cells. The MCH value is the amount of hemoglobin in an average red blood cell. The MCHC measures the concentration of hemoglobin in an average red blood cell. These numbers help in the diagnosis of different types of anemia. Red cell distribution width (RDW) can also be measured which shows if the cells are all the same or different sizes or shapes.

Red blood cells (RBCs) are made in the bone marrow and are necessary for the transport of oxygen to all cells of the body and carbon dioxide as a waste product to the lungs for removal from the body. Red Blood Cell Indices measure certain characteristics of RBCs: MCV and RDW measure the size of RBCs, MCH measures their weight, while MCHC measures how many RBCs are in a certain amount of fluid (concentration). These indices are then used to diagnose anemias and monitor your response to treatment. RBC indices will also be abnormal with lead poisoning.

BUN (blood urea nitrogen) Range: 6.0 || 20.0
Healthy range: 10 to 20 mg/dL
This is another measure of kidney and liver functions. High values may indicate a problem with kidney function. A number of medications and a diet high in protein can also raise BUN levels.

HGB Range: 12.0 || 16.0

The normal range for hemoglobin is:
For men, 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter (135 to 175 grams per liter)
For women, 12.0 to 15.5 grams per deciliter (120 to 155 grams per liter)

Hemoglobin (Hgb). The hemoglobin molecule fills up the red blood cells. It carries oxygen and gives the blood cell its red color. The hemoglobin test measures the amount of hemoglobin in blood and is a good measure of the blood’s ability to carry oxygen throughout the body.

RDW Range: 11.5 || 14.5
RDW refers to red cell distribution width. It measures how much your red blood cells vary in size.

WBC Range: 3.9 || 10.6
White blood cell (WBC, leukocyte) count. White blood cells protect the body against infection. If an infection develops, white blood cells attack and destroy the bacteria, virus, or other organism causing it. White blood cells are bigger than red blood cells but fewer in number. When a person has a bacterial infection, the number of white cells rises very quickly. The number of white blood cells is sometimes used to find an infection or to see how the body is dealing with cancer treatment.

Mean platelet volume (MPV). Mean platelet volume measures the average amount (volume) of platelets. Mean platelet volume is used along with platelet count to diagnose some diseases. If the platelet count is normal, the mean platelet volume can still be too high or too low.

CBC (Complete Blood Count)
Complete blood count (CBC). This common blood test measures the amount of various types of blood cells in a sample of your blood. Blood cancers may be detected using this test if too many or too few of a type of blood cell or abnormal cells are found.

RDW Range 11.5 || 14.5
Red cell distribution width (RDW)

Neu # (ANC) Range: 1.8 || 7.7
Neu % Range: 43.0 || 65.0
Neutrophil count Adults:
Relative: 40%-70%
Absolute: 1.8-7.7 X 103 cells/microL
Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell (WBC). This test is used to evaluate and manage immune, blood, and cancer disorders.

LY Range: 1.0 || 4.8
Lymphocytes (lymphocyte percent)
Guideline normal values: 1.3-3.5 x 109/L, comprising 20-45% of WBCs.

HCT Range: 35.0 || 47.0
(hematocrit) percent of blood made up of RBCs
When the Hgb and Hct values fall too low, it is called anemia.

PLT Range: 140.0 || 440.0
Platelets (Plts)
Platelets help control bleeding. You may bruise or bleed easily when your platelet levels are low

LY% Range: 20.5 || 45.5 % Lymphocytes in WBC
Sodium Range: 135.0 || 145.0
It helps your body balance water levels and helps with nerve impulses and muscle contractions. Irregularities in sodium levels may indicate dehydration; disorders of the adrenal glands; excessive intake of salt, corticosteroids, or pain-relieving medications; or problems with the liver or kidneys.

Calcium Range: 8.4 || 10.2
Too much calcium in the bloodstream could indicate kidney problems; overly active thyroid or parathyroid glands; certain types of cancer, including lymphoma; problems with the pancreas; or a deficiency of vitamin D.

Chloride Range: 96.0 || 108.0
Excess chloride may indicate an overly acidic environment in the body. It also could be a red flag for dehydration, multiple myeloma, kidney disorders, or adrenal gland dysfunction.

Bilirubin, total Range: 0 || 1.0
This provides information about liver and kidney functions, problems in bile ducts, and anemia.

Potassium, plasma Range: 3.5 || 4.5
This mineral is essential for relaying nerve impulses, maintaining proper muscle functions, and regulating heartbeats. Diuretics, drugs that are often taken for high blood pressure, can cause low levels of potassium.

Alkaline phosphatase Range: 45.0 || 122.0
This enzyme is involved in both liver and bone, so elevations may indicate problems with the liver or bone-related disease.

EO % Range: 0.9 || 2.9
Eosinophil Absolute Count, Percentage

Creatinine Range: 0.4 || 1.1
Component of urine and final product of creatine catabloism. Increased levels may indicate renal failure.

BA% Range: 0.2 || 1.0
BA% – relative (%) content of basophils .

HCT Range: 35.0 || 47.0
RBC / HCT – average volume of red blood cells .

Monocyte, percent Range: 5.5 || 11.7
MON% (MO%) (monocyte) – relative (%) content of monocytes (normal 0,04-0,11).

What a blood test can tell you?
Low red blood count = fatigue, low energy
Low platelets = bruising and bleeding
Low white blood count = susceptibility to infection

MCHCRange: 31.5 || 36
The reference ranges for mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration are as follows:
MCH: 27-33 picograms (pg)/cell in adults
MCHC: 33-36 g/dL in adults

Normal values may vary depending on the individual laboratory.


Includes Hematocrit (Hct) Hemoglobin (Hgb)
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH)
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC)
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
Red Blood Cell Count (RBC)
Red Blood Cell Distribution Width (RDW)
White Blood Cell Count (WBC).
COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT, PLATELET and DIFFERENTIAL (CBC, Platelet, Diff). Includes all CBC tests above, plus
Mean Platelet Volume (MPV)
Basophil Absolute Count, Percentage
Eosinophil Absolute Count, Percentage
Lymphocyte Absolute Count, Percentage
Monocyte Absolute Count, Percentage
Neutrophil Absolute Count, Percentage


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